What Is OB-GYN?

What Is OB-GYN

An obstetrician-gynaecologist is a woman’s health doctor who is often called an OB-GYN for short. This specialist can address a number of health concerns during a woman’s lifetime. These health concerns typically reference menstruation, childbirth, or menopause. As a result, an OB-GYN is considered an expert in female reproductive health as well as pregnancy and childbirth. Whilst some OB-GYNs specialise in one area of reproduction, other doctors offer general health services and advice.


In order to better understand how this type of doctor operates, you need to delineate obstetrics from gynaecology. Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that is related to health and surgical care prior to, during, and after childbirth. Therefore, this branch concentrates on caring for a woman before, during, and after pregnancy, thereby focusing on maternity care and postpartum recovery.


Gynaecology is a branch in the medical field that concerns a woman’s body and her reproductive needs. This part of an OB-GYN practice covers the diagnosis and treatment of the reproductive system. The reproductive system includes the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Women are regularly screened and treated for conditions that involve the breasts as well. Gynaecology covers a woman’s health needs from puberty through senior care.

Some of the Subspecialties

When you learn more about OB-GYN in Singapore, you will find that most of the doctors are generalists and therefore offer a broad range of medical services. Some of the physicians elect to specialise in one or more subspecialties. These subspecialties may include maternal-foetal medicine, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, gynaecologic oncology, and female pelvic conditions and reproductive surgery.

Maternal-Foetal Medicine

Maternal-foetal medicine concerns such conditions as the following:

  • Chronic or gestational hypertension
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Premature labour
  • Blood clot disorders

Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility

Reproductive endocrinology and infertility covers treatments that include the following:

  • Embryo transfers
  • In vitro fertilisation
  • Gamete and zygote intrafallopian transfers

Gynaecologic Oncology

Gynaecologic oncology entails the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in the reproductive system. Cancer treatment extends to the uterus, ovaries, vulva, or cervix.

Female Pelvic Conditions and Reproductive Surgery

When female pelvic conditions or reproductive surgery are underscored, surgeons in this subspecialty concentrate on the treatment of urinary tract disorders. They also direct their attention to the disorders concerning the connective tissue and muscle situated below a woman’s pelvis. This area is known as the pelvic floor.

The Pelvic Floor: Related Medical Treatments

The pelvic floor may weaken because of aging, pregnancy, or a specific medical condition. Therefore, this subspecialty extends to addressing the following:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vaginal infections
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Faecal incontinence
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Bladder pain
  • Overactive bladder

Other Areas

As you can see, all your reproductive health needs can be totally covered when you work with an OB-GYN practice. Specialists also work at taking care of vaccination needs and conduct routine exams including pap smears and female cancer screenings such as mammograms. In addition, conditions such as fibroids, ovarian cysts, and abnormal menstruation are reviewed and treated. Osteoporosis and menopausal concerns are covered too.

Whether you are a younger or older woman, you can count on your OB-GYN to assist you throughout your life with any specific reproductive system health need that is unique to you.


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