Keeping yourself away from the factors that can trigger it is the best way to avoid an asthma attack. Whatever the particularities of their asthma, it is advised against all the asthmatics:
- To smoke or to frequent smoky places;
- Stirring up dust (sweeping, shaking carpets or sheets, etc.);
- Respiratory tract irritants (paints, adhesives, household products, etc.).
Prevent exposure to asthmatic mites
In the house, it is necessary to fight against the mites by concentrating its efforts on the bedroom. There is a dosage kit (not reimbursed) sold in pharmacies, which makes it possible to do a dust analysis and to accurately evaluate the mite infestation ( Acarex test ).
- Aspirated dust regularly , including on mattresses and armchairs, if possible in the absence of the allergic person. Dust the furniture with a damp cloth.
- Reduce humidity and temperature (ideally 18 ° C).
- Aerate the room every day , open bed.
- Use a slatted bed base .
- Cover the pillows and mattresses with special medical-grade anti-mite covers . They prevent the passage of dust mites while allowing aeration of the bedding. They can be easily carried away while traveling.
- Use anti- acaricides (or acaricides) in aerosols, which can be used to treat bedding and carpet. Available in pharmacies, they last from three to six months. However, these acaricides kill mites but do not eliminate allergens contained in mite debris and their manure. The ideal is to measure the dust mite content with the dosing kit, then apply the acaricide treatment according to the contamination. When it is too strong, it is preferable to change the bedding or the carpet.
- Wash sheets every week and blankets every month, at high temperature (60 ° C or more).
- Avoid carpets, rugs, double curtains , upholstered furniture or wall hangings in the bedroom.
- Avoid stuffed animals in the bed and wash the one that the child keeps with them every week (at over 60 ° C). You can also put the children’s fluff a day or two in the freezer at -20 ° C: it seems that it kills the mites.
For asthmatics who are very allergic to dust mites, it may be beneficial to live in high-altitude areas if possible, and to avoid the seashores where the humidity favors the proliferation of mites.
Prevent exposure to pollen in asthmatics
When the presence of pollen on the outside is important:
- Stay inside as much as possible .
- Close the windows in the middle of the morning and in the late afternoon.
- Wear a hat and sunglasses if you have to go out.
- Rinse your hair, eyelashes and eyebrows after a walk outside and wash clothes that could house pollen grains.
Summer stays are not advised because the pollen season is staggered. It is possible to inform you about the periods when the pollens are present in your region ( pollen calendar ). Ask your doctor or consult the website of the National Aerobic Surveillance Network (NNSA).
In the pollen period, it is desirable to take antihistamines (medicines against allergies) and especially to follow regularly its treatment against asthma. In some cases, the background treatment of asthma is increased by your doctor during the pollen periods.
Prevent exposure to animal hair in asthmatics
The skin fragments (dander), saliva or hairs of some animals are triggers of asthma attack. It is often psychologically difficult to separate from one’s pet. While waiting to do so or if this is impossible, some hygiene measures can improve the situation:
- Prohibit the access of animals to your bedroom .
- Remove carpets and furniture covered with fabrics that can retain hair.
- Wash your pet every week (especially the cat): this reduces the amount of allergen in the dwelling.
If these measures are insufficient, it is better to find another home for your pet. Once the animal is gone, allergens remain in the habitat for several months at the level of furniture, carpets, draperies (in particular with the allergens of the cat): it is necessary to carry out a thorough cleaning.
In some asthmatics, it may be contraindicated to go horse riding (in case of allergy to horse hair).